Mombasa has been termed as a hotbed for radicalization and violent extremism. The town has also been fertile ground for sprouting of secessionist groups like the hotspot for MRC which has been demanding for the secession of the coast region from the Kenya. For years, youth and law enforcers in Likoni have not been in good terms, a condition which has contributed to security agencies ability to counter violent extremism in Mombasa. Due to the misunderstanding, it was hard for the two crucial sectors of society to build trust and confidence to work together in bid to counter violent extremism in the area.
The cyclic resource based conflicts in Tana Delta Sub County of Tana River has ever been escalating due to the influx of herders who come looking for pasture for their livestock.
In May 2016, the Tana River burst its banks displacing communities living along the river banks as well as cutting off the Malkas- footpaths designated through community agreements as river access points for livestock.
Seated on a bench in a hall at the Mikindani social hall, two middle aged people are engrossed in a tete-a-tete. The conversation is pegged on the changing times and youth trends in Mombasa. The two have just come from a cafe across the road for a lunch meal. A curious onlooker can easily tell that the two have known each other for some time now, or may be friends.
For a long time Kashani village in Bamburi location has been experiencing cases of land grabbing. The situation has been catalyzed by youth who invade empty plots and sell them cheaply to unsuspecting clients, thus severely straining the relationship between the youth and land owners.
Since the intervention of Kenya Community Support Centre through the Building Partnerships for peace and security for countering violent extremism project in Mombasa County, youth have been engaged in challenge activities which involves voluntary clean up exercise together with the police and government officers. The whole idea of the exercise is to build confidence and relations between the police and youth as they interact. It has also provided a good platform for the youth to be aware of the roles of police and administrative security officers including the chiefs.
For a very long time youth within Mombasa have neglected and never trust the office of their chiefs within their locations, this is due to majority of youth being harassed especially when they are processing identity cards. This has contributed to youth losing confidence in report incidence to the administration and also others not knowing their area chiefs offices.