This groundbreaking resolution places the security concerns of women in situations of armed conflict and their roles in peacebuilding on the agenda of the United Nations Security Council – the most powerful international multilateral security institution. UNSCR 1325 recognizes the importance of women’s contributions to conflict prevention, peacekeeping, conflict resolution, and peacebuilding, and notes that these contributions have historically been undervalued and underutilized. The resolution stresses the importance of women’s equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security discourses and processes. The key actors addressed in UNSCR 1325 are the Security Council, member states, non-state actors, including parties to armed conflict, and the United Nations Secretary-General.
UNSCR 1325 is the central and overarching legal framework for the global women, peace, and security agenda. This historic resolution brings to the world’s attention three important concerns:
- The disproportionate number of women and girls affected by armed conflict and the necessity to protect them in conflict and post-conflict settings.
- The under-representation of women in conflict resolution and peace building activities, and the importance of 2000 promoting women’s participation in all processes related to peace and security.
- The imperative to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of peacekeeping operations and in the peace and security architecture of states and the United Nations system.